From previous articles about “disk full” conditions, you have some taste of testing MySQL with such approach:
But there is still untouched topic, about read-only mounted file system and how MySQL will act in such condition. In real life, i have encountered such situation that something happened with Linux server and file system suddenly goes to read-only mode.
Buffer I/O error on device sdb1, logical block 1769961 lost page write due to I/O error on sdb1 sd 0:0:1:0: timing out command, waited 360s sd 0:0:1:0: Unhandled error code sd 0:0:1:0: SCSI error: return code = 0x06000008 Result: hostbyte=DID_OK driverbyte=DRIVER_TIMEOUT,SUGGEST_OK mptscsih: ioc0: attempting task abort! (sc=ffff8100b629a6c0) sd 0:0:1:0: command: Write(10): 2a 00 00 d8 15 17 00 04 00 00 mptscsih: ioc0: task abort: SUCCESS (rv=2002) (sc=ffff8100b629a6c0) Aborting journal on device sdb1. ext3_abort called. EXT3-fs error (device sdb1): ext3_journal_start_sb: Detected aborted journal Remounting filesystem read-only __journal_remove_journal_head: freeing b_committed_data EXT3-fs error (device sdb1) in ext3_new_inode: Journal has aborted ext3_abort called. EXT3-fs error (device sdb1): ext3_remount: Abort forced by user ext3_abort called. EXT3-fs error (device sdb1): ext3_remount: Abort forced by user
There was no error message of course because of read-only partition. That’s why we have no chance to detect why MySQL did not start, until we examine OS level issues. In contrast Oracle handles this condition:
[root@bsnew home]# su - oracle -bash-3.2$ sqlplus / as sysdba SQL*Plus: Release 22.214.171.124.0 Production on Mon Apr 7 11:35:10 2014 Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved. ERROR: ORA-09925: Unable to create audit trail file Linux-x86_64 Error: 30: Read-only file system Additional information: 9925 ORA-09925: Unable to create audit trail file Linux-x86_64 Error: 30: Read-only file system Additional information: 9925
Of course if you change error log file path to working path there will be messages:
2015-04-28 08:04:16 7f27a6c847e0 InnoDB: Operating system error number 30 in a file operation. InnoDB: Error number 30 means 'Read-only file system'. InnoDB: Some operating system error numbers are described at InnoDB: http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.6/en/operating-system-error-codes.html 2015-04-28 08:04:16 1486 [ERROR] InnoDB: File ./ibdata1: 'create' returned OS error 130. Cannot continue operation 150428 08:04:17 mysqld_safe mysqld from pid file /home/error_log_dir/mysqld-new.pid ended
But it is not useful at this moment, instead, there should be some message while trying starting MySQL directly to STDOUT.
If you have more test paths check related feature request and add them: #72259